Keys to use when a mouse won’t do..

In General – Substitute the Windows key for the Command (Flowery X) Key

Win Q – Close Program

Win – Select All

Win X – Cut

Win C – Copy

Win V – Paste

Turn off extra drivers at boot – Shift key at boot

Verbose Mode – Command V

Start from CD – C key or Command-Option-Shift-Delete

Rebuild Desktop – Apple-option/command-control

Zap P Ram -Control Option-P-R

Force Mac OS X startup

X during startup

Bypass primary startup volume and seek a different startup volume (such as a CD or external disk)

Press Option-Command-Shift-Delete during startup

Start up from a CD that has a system folder

Press C during startup

Attempt to start up from a compatible network server (NetBoot)

Press N during startup

Start up in FireWire Target Disk mode

Press T during startup

Start up in Safe Boot mode and temporarily disable login items and non-essential kernel extension files (Mac OS X 10.2 and later)

Press Shift during startup

Start up in Verbose mode

Press Command-V during startup

Start up in Single-User mode

Press Command-S during startup

Start up from the built-in macOS Recovery system

Command ()-R

Start up from macOS Recovery over the Internet

Option-Command-R or Shift-Option-Command-R

Startup in safe mode


Start Apple Diagnostics utility


Force Quit =

Option Command/Apple – Esc

Bring up extension manager in newer os versions =

hold down space bar when starting up

Close program =


Close window =


Close all Windows


Get info =


Temporarily eject  =


Quit operation =

Command period.

Find file =


Make alias in new area –

option command, drag